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Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which the body's immune system attacks the cells that produce insulin, resulting in either no insulin or a low amount of insulin. Low amounts of insulin result in increased blood sugar levels, and can cause severe metabolic disturbances, coma, and seizures.

First responders and health proffesionals must be aware if their patient has Type 1 diabetes, and MedicAlert medical IDs and services can be used to obtain this information during an emergency.

Symptoms and Causes

Some of the common symptoms of type 1 diabetes include high levels of sugar in blood and urine, unusal thirst, extreme hunger but loss of weight, blurred vision, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, irritability, and mood changes. In children, symptoms may be similar to those of having the flu. The cause of type 1 diabetes is unknown, but it is believed that genetic and environmental factors (possibly viruses) may be involved.

Each individual may experience symptoms differently, and the symptoms of type 1 diabetes may resemble other conditions or medical problems. Always consult your doctor for a diagnosis. People with type 1 diabetes must take daily insulin injections and regularly monitor their blood sugar levels.

Treatment for type 1 diabetes varies. Please consult a doctor before treating your diabetes.