Symptoms and Causes
Type 1 diabetes accounts for 5 to 10 percent of all diagnosed cases of diabetes in the U.S. The condition usually develops in children or young adults, but can start at any age. It's recommended people with type 1 diabetes wear a medical ID to be recognized in an emergency situation.
Type 1 Diabetes Symptoms
Some of the common symptoms of type 1 diabetes include high levels of sugar in blood and urine, unusal thirst, extreme hunger but loss of weight, blurred vision, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, irritability, and mood changes. In children, symptoms may be similar to those of having the flu.
Each individual may experience symptoms differently, and the symptoms of type 1 diabetes may resemble other conditions or medical problems. Always consult your doctor for a diagnosis.
What Causes Type 1 Diabetes?
The cause of type 1 diabetes is unknown, but it is believed that genetic and environmental factors (possibly viruses) may be involved. The body's immune system attacks and destroys the insulin producing cells in the pancreas. Insulin allows glucose to enter the cells of the body to provide energy.
When glucose cannot enter the cells, it builds up in the blood, depriving the cells of nutrition. People with type 1 diabetes must take daily insulin injections and regularly monitor their blood sugar levels.
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