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Type 2 Diabetes Treatment

Treatment for type 2 diabetes varies. Please consult a doctor before treating diabetes.

Treatment for Adults and Children

Specific treatment for type 2 diabetes will be determined by your doctor based on:

  • Your age, overall health, and medical history
  • Extent of the allergy
  • Your tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies
  • Your opinion or preference

The goal of treatment is to keep blood sugar levels as close to normal as possible. Emphasis is on control of blood sugar (glucose) by monitoring the levels, regular physical activity, meal planning, and routine health care. Treatment of diabetes is an ongoing process of management and education that includes not only the person with diabetes, but also health care professionals and family members.

Often, type 2 diabetes can be controlled through losing weight, improved nutrition, and exercise alone. However, in some cases, these measures are not enough and either oral or injected medications and/or insulin must be used. Treatment often includes:

  • Proper diet
  • Weight control
  • An appropriate exercise program
  • Regular foot inspections

Untreated or inappropriately-treated diabetes can cause problems with the kidneys, legs, feet, eyes, heart, nerves, and blood flow, which could lead to kidney failure, gangrene, amputation, blindness, or stroke. For these reasons, it is important to follow a strict treatment plan.

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