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Type 1 Diabetes Treatment

Treatment for type 1 diabetes varies. Please consult a doctor before treating your diabetes.

Treatment for Adults and Children

Specific treatment for type 1 diabetes will be determined by your doctor based on:

  • Your age, overall health, and medical history
  • Extent of the allergy
  • Your tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies
  • Your opinion or preference

People with type 1 diabetes must have daily injections of insulin to keep their blood sugar level within normal ranges. Other parts of the treatment protocol may include:

  • Appropriate diet (to manage blood sugar levels)
  • Exercise (to lower and help the body use blood sugar)
  • Careful self-monitoring of blood sugar levels several times a day, as directed by your doctor
  • Careful self-monitoring of ketone levels in the urine several times a day, as directed by your doctor

Advances in diabetes research have led to improved methods of managing diabetes and treating its complications. However, scientists continue to explore the causes of diabetes and ways to prevent and treat the disorder. Other methods of administering insulin through inhalers and pills are currently being studied. Scientists are investigating gene involvement in type 1 and type 2 diabetes, and some genetic markers for type 1 diabetes have been identified. Pancreas and islet cell transplants are also being performed.

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